Pancreatitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the pancreas. In this disease, pancreatic enzymes damage the tissue of the pancreas itself. acute pancreatitis needs urgent treatment and chronic pancreatitis needs regular maintenance therapy. The main link in the list of such measures is a therapeutic diet. Its main objective is to prevent the excessive production of pancreatic enzymes, reducing the mechanical and chemical effects on Organs digestive organs.
General nutrition rules
The success of a therapeutic diet depends not only on selecting the right diet, but also on following simple rules:
- avoiding overeating. With a therapeutic diet, it is important to eat until you are full, but at the same time not allow your stomach to overflow;
- fractionated meals (5-6 times a day). It's important to eat evenly and stick to a clear schedule. In no case should you starve yourself all day and eat large portions at once. The diet should be divided into small parts, so that the body absorbs food better and the patient feels satiated throughout the day.
- exclusion of very cold or hot dishes. Cooked food should be slightly warmer than room temperature;
- cook in certain ways. With pancreatitis, solid foods and dishes with a fried crust are excluded. It is better to give preference to grated or well-cooked foods, as well as liquid and gelatinous. Also, instead of fried foods, you should eat boiled, baked or steamed.
What to avoid
Prohibited foods for pancreatitis include those that are difficult and time consuming to digest, and are also strong irritants of the digestive tract and, consequently, the pancreas:
- rich broths and soups of meat, fish and mushrooms;
- sausages and smoked foods in general;
- canned food and marinades;
- fresh cakes and breads;
- spinach, sorrel, garlic, radish, radish;
- raw vegetables;
- vinegar, mustard, pepper;
- hot and spicy sauces and seasonings;
- alcohol, strong tea and coffee.
Such a list is generalized, it can be expanded due to the characteristics of the body, the course of the disease, the form of pancreatitis (acute or chronic in remission), as well as the age and nutritional status of the patient.
What is recommended to eat
Despite the fact that the therapeutic diet for pancreatitis has a large number of prohibitions, the diet of allowed foods is very diverse:
- low-fat varieties of meat and poultry, while before use they are skinned and sinew removed. It is recommended to make quenelles, chops and mashed potatoes, occasionally low-fat poultry is allowed in a small piece;
- thin fish. Boiled, steamed, in the form of chops and souffle;
- dry bread made from premium flour, cookies without bread;
- vegetarian broths and soups with vegetable puree, vegetable puree, soups with cooked cereals (semolina, rice, hercules) or chopped vegetables (potatoes, pumpkin, carrots);
- low-fat cottage cheese and non-acidic curd dishes (sufflés, puddings, steamed cheesecakes, etc. ), milk - only as part of ready meals, low-fat dairy drinks;
- steamed or baked protein omelet, yolk consumption is allowed - no more than 1 pc. In one day;
- cereals with milk and water, some cereals (semolina, buckwheat, oatmeal and oatmeal), boiled vermicelli is allowed;
- only ready-to-eat vegetables (steamed, boiled or baked): potatoes, cauliflower, beets and carrots;
- ripe fruits in the baked, boiled form, as well as in kissels, mousses and jellies;
- weak tea with lemon, fruit juices and sweet berries, rosehip decoction.